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Citizens and the law: All societies are based ...

Universal rights and New Zealanders:The international law of human rights ...

Department of Corrections: The Department of Corrections manages ...

Holding the balance: New Zealand's laws are ...

New Zealand's Bill of Rights

Delivering justice: The law is a set of rules to enable our society to ...

Reforming the law: In 1985, the Law Commission Act established ...

Checks and balances: Officers of Parliament help ensure accountability ...

Investment watchdog: Investment is very important for New ...

Fair dealing: Banks and insurance companies look after a lot of money that ...

Healing the past, building a future: The Office of Treaty Settlements (OTS) provides the Minister ...

Who looks after your rights? Civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights are important in ...

Rights of the child: The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which ...

The laws we live by: Past DecisionMaker Guides focused on the law and justice - helping ...

Advocates for health and disability service users: Advocacy service posters and brochures are ...

Citizens' Advice Bureau



Citizens and the law

All societies are based on rules, both written and unwritten. Though rules can be annoying, they enable us to interact with other people and organisations.

In some societies, the rules allow the strong to prey on the weak, or those with power to treat outsiders as if they were less than human. In New Zealand, we have written rules to protect against such situations. New Zealand is often ranked among the top half-dozen countries in the world in its respect for human rights.
We have rights that ensure a fair trial if accused of a crime, rights to free speech, rights to privacy and to information, rights to fair treatment from those who sell us products and services, and rights to financial support from government when things are tough. This benefits both our economy and our society.
But the rights we enjoy come with duties, too. The laws that protect us also constrain our actions. We need to recognise that others also have rights, which we should respect.
Unfortunately, there are those who decline, or find themselves unable, to participate in such a rules-based society. In the past, we have tended to respond to those who commit crimes with punishment. This has not tended to deter further transgression.
The emphasis now is on reducing crime by rehabilitation of offenders, and – more importantly – prevention. In the last few years there have been encouraging moves towards a co-ordinated approach in which agencies work together to help young people find a constructive place in society. Other agencies, such as those fostering rights, try to prevent people from becoming alienated from society.
Still others focus on developing, through citizenship education, an informed and responsible body of citizens willing and able to discuss and debate the Parliament, government and law of their country (and indeed of the international community).
Citizenship education also seeks the creation of a strong civil society, the promotion of certain widely respected values, better cross-cultural relationships, and even new political structures.
Understanding the link between citizenship and law is helped by the aims and achievement objectives of the New Zealand social studies curriculum. In studying social organisation, students are taught to demonstrate knowledge of

  • how participation within groups involves both responsibilities and rights
  • how and why people make and implement rules and laws
  • how and why people seek to gain and maintain social justice and human rights
  • how and why people seek to safeguard the rights of consumers.

The United Nations is a source of suggested rules, many of which New Zealand adopts, through Parliament and government actions, as its own. Law within and between nations can assist people to maintain social justice, advance their rights, and participate in the society, economy and political life.
How the law works seeks to give readers a broad understanding of how laws affects our society, how the legal system works, the rights we enjoy, how to get help with rights and the law, and how we deal with those who break the rules. It contains briefings from some of the key agencies involved.

Find out more!

Centre for Citizenship Education
Box 3978, Wellington
Mobile: 027 242 2301





Photo shows large group of Iraq war protesters in the grounds of parliament.

Photo shows a view of parliament's debating floor as seen from the public gallery.

The ideal is a society in which all citizens uphold the rights of all others. Meanwhile, the courts provide one forum for those who seek to have their rights upheld.