Composition of 2005 New Zealand Parliament
MPs elected by party, comparisons with previous Parliament
In the 17 September 2005 general election Labour gained 50, National 48, New Zealand First seven, Greens six, Maori four, United Future three, ACT two and Progressives one seat in the 48th Parliament elected at the fourth election under mixed member proportional (MMP) New Zealand rules. These eight parties won seats in what is normally a 120 seat Parliament - to which two seats were added on election night under the "overhang" rules in MMP, coverted to one overhang seat in a 121 seat Parliament as a result of the final count.
In the 27 July 2002 general election Labour gained 52, National 27, New Zealand First 13, ACT and the Greens nine each, United Future eight and the Progressive Coalition two seats in the third mixed member proportional (MMP) New Zealand general election.
Seven of the political parties who contested the 2002 election gained seats – seven more who contested got no seats but attracted 73,500 or 3.63% of the vote.
There were 69 members elected
in electorate seats and 51 on party lists in the Parliament elected in
2002. Thirty of the MPs were new – 22 of them were elected on party
To see the people elected in the 2005 election, click on the name of the party, above. For details about the parties, such as their leaders, whips, number of seats, next person on the list, click here.
Tariana Turia had resigned
from Parliament and the Labour Party to contest a byelection in the Te
Tai Hauauru electorate in July 2004. She was returned to Parliament as
representative for the new Maori party as a result of that byelection.
There are 39 women and 82 men in the 48th Parliament.
Suffrage Day is on 19 September.
On that day in 1893 New Zealand became the first country to grant women
the right to vote in Parliamerntary elections.
Two percent of MPs elected
in 2005 have Asian backgrounds, two percent have Pacific backgrounds.
Seven percent of the NZ population is ethnically Pacific ( predominantly
non Maori Polynesian), and nine percent is ethnically from countries in
Where MPs worked
Find out more
The website of the Clerk of the House, www.clerk.parliament.govt.nz has useful information about Members of Parliament.
Find out more from the Parliamentary Library research paper on the final result of the 2005 election.
Updated 28 November 2005
When MPs assembled in the Legislative Council chamber to hear the Governor-General give the Speech from the Throne in November 2005 it was obvious the composition of New Zealand's Parliament elected under MMP was diverse. The statistics show inquirers that it was more diverse than during the period when Parliaments were elected under FPP, the First Past the Post electoral system